children need to conceptualize what multiplication is about by introducing them using the CPA approach

multiplication of 3

Concrete: show real objects of same noun. Get children to group the bottles in 3s.

Pictorials: use pictures and let the children explore grouping the pictures in 3. One way is by circling them.

Abstract: Getting children understand that

3 + 3 + 3 |

or

3 boxes of 3

or

3 x 2 = 6

Doubling Strategy

2 x 7 = 14

+7

3 x 7 = 21

+7

4 x 7 = 28

+7

5 x 7 =35

+7

6 x 7 = 42

Notice that 4 x 7 is the same as double of 2 rows

6 x 7 = 42 as it is double of 3 x 7

So, with the doubling method in mind, we could say that,

7 x 7= (4 x 7) + (3 x 7)

7 x 7= 28 + 21

7 x 7= 49

For 9 x 7 for instance,

we can take 9 x 10, which is easier to see and then just subtract 7 from the answer 90.

so with that,

9 x 7 = 63

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